Kominki z Krakowa

Kominki z Krakowa

general information:

IN THE MIDDLE AGES… A SIMPLE SHAPE OF THE JAMBS

In the photo: the model echoing the 16th century Gothic fireplace in the castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

 

Since the 12th century, in the walls of knight chambers, there were present the masonry jambs of the fireplaces. Though, these Gothic hearths with their simple, unornamented surround differed from those which appeared at the end of the 15th century – richly decorated, palace fireplaces.

IN THE RENAISSANCE… DECORATIVE DESIGN OF A PALACE FIREPLACE

In the photo: catalog number 31 echoing the 16th century’s, Renaissance design of an English chimneypiece

 

Apart from providing heat, decorative mantelpieces became a representative centre-piece of castle chambers.

Basing on the antique orders, i.e. the classical style, the Renaissance artists introduced a new detail in the architecture: a chimneypiece / also called a mantelpiece / .

*) the Classical orders:
Greek: a) Doric, b) Ionic, c) Corinthian
Roman: a) Tuscan, b) Composite (mixed order)

The reviving antique art enriched the hearths with elaborate decoration to adorn castles’ interiors and royal residences.

 

what is a chimneypiece? / Chimneypiece Portal? :

Since the end of the 15th century, the hearths of the palace fireplaces have got the jambs in the form of a stylized representation of door or window surrounds, i.e. statuary portals.

*) portal – an elaborately ornamented opening in the walls of a building ( window, door, gate ), made to enhance the grandeur and importance of the place.

Carved in exotic kinds of wood and topped with a high mantel , the Renaissance chimneypieces evolved into more practical, marble ones, topped with a cornice.
The cornice made a perfect mantel to site a clock, a candlestick or other decoration.
It is what differentiated a chimneypiece “portal” and a door portal. The last one was topped with an arch.

 

A FLAT CROWNING OF A CLASSICAL CHIMNEYPIECE

In the photo: a fragment of the catalog model no. 22 with the marked elements of the chimneypiece / portal /

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